Our wonderful nutritionist Sam has put together some recent findings in the PPID area:
Clear breed differences in ACTH levels in normal animals
A normal autumn seasonal rise in ACTH was observed in ponies, Andalusian horses and Standardbreds however the greatest increases were seen in ponies (range 45.5-146pg/ml) and Andalusian horses (range 38.7-84.8pg/ml) . Interestingly, one pony had an ACTH of 146pg/ml in mid-Autumn but had returned to 17.9pg/ml by late autumn.
Diet can impact the result of ACTH values
In aged horses (18-24 years old) not displaying clinical sign of PPID, researchers found that on a starch-rich diet, horses had elevated ACTH levels (60.0 ± 10.7 pg/mL) compared with adult horses (5-13 years old) on the same diet (15.7 ± 12.0 pg/mL) . The same aged horses on the control diet, fiber-rich diet and sugar-rich diet did not show significantly higher ACTH levels as compared to the horses in the 5-13 years of age group.
Stress may influence ACTH results
Travel for 40 minutes caused ACTH levels to increase and remain higher up to 30 minutes post-unloading .
Read more from the 4th Global Equine Endocrine Symposium 2020 https://sites.tufts.edu/equineendogroup/files/2020/01/GEES_2020_Proceedings.pdf
 Bamford, N.J., Harris, P.A., Bailey, S.R. (2020) Seasonal variation in adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) concentrations and dexamethasone suppression tests in ponies and Andalusian horses compared with Standardbreds. In: 4th Global Equine Endocrine Symposium 2020, Gut Ising, Bavaria, Germany p12.
 Jacob, S.I., Geor, R., Weber, P.S.D., Harris, P.A. and McCue, M.E. (2017) Effect of dietary carbohydrates and time of year on adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol concentrations in adult and aged horses. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 63.
 Haffner, J.C., Hoffman, R.,. and Grubbs, S.T. (2020) The Effect of Trailering and Dentistry on Resting Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Concentrations in Horses. In: 4th Global Equine Endocrine Symposium, Gut Ising, Bavaria, Germany.